Prof. Peter Berman (M.Sc, Ph.D) is a health economist with forty years of experience in research, policy analysis and development, and training and education in global health. Prof. Berman is Professor and Director, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia in Vancouver Canada, and Adjunct Professor in Global Health at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, as of January 1, 2019.

He relocated to Vancouver, Canada after a quarter century on the faculty of Harvard University, most recently as Professor of the Practice of Global Health Systems and Economics at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health (HSPH) in Boston, USA. He is also affiliated as Adjunct Professor at the Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) in New Delhi, India and as advisor to the China National Health Development Research Center for health care financing and health accounts.

Prof. Berman was the founding faculty director of Harvard Chan’s new Doctor of Public Health degree and was actively engaged in graduate education reform in global public health at Harvard. In recent years, Prof. Berman has led several innovative research projects on developing primary care systems, strengthening service delivery, and improving health care financing mechanisms for better outcomes, with a focus on work in Ethiopia, India, and Malaysia. Click here for a list of related publications and resources on health financing. Prof. Berman is continuing his work in Ethiopia while at UBC.

With the World Bank from 2004-2011, Prof. Berman spent four years in the Bank’s New Delhi office as Lead Economist for Health, Nutrition, and Population. There he oversaw a portfolio of almost $2 billion in projects and research. In Washington, D.C from 2008, he was Lead Health Economist in the HNP anchor department and Practice Leader for the World Bank’s Health Systems Global Expert Team. He led analytical work on health systems analysis and strategic approaches to improving service delivery.

Prof. Berman was the founding Director of the International Health Systems Program (see www.hsph.harvard.edu/international-health-systems-program) in the Population and International Health Department at Harvard. He is the author or editor of five books on global health economics and policy and more than 50 academic papers in his field and numerous other working papers and reports. He has led and/or participated in major field programs in all regions of the developing world.

Prof. Berman’s specific areas of work include analysis of health systems performance and the design of reform strategies; assessment of the supply side of health care delivery and the role of private health care provision in health systems and development of strategies to improve outcomes through public-private sector collaboration. He pioneered the development and use of national health accounts as a policy and planning tool in developing countries. Prof. Berman has worked extensively on health system reform and health care development issues in a number of countries including Egypt, India, Colombia, Indonesia, and Poland. He has also worked for extended periods of residency and field work in Indonesia and India. He is co-author of Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity(Roberts, et al, Oxford University Press, 2008), co-editor of the Guide to the Production of National Health Accounts(World Bank, World Health Organization, and USAID, 2003), and co-editor of Berman and Khan, Paying for India’s Health Care(Sage, 1993).

Research Highlights

Strengthening health programs through better resource tracking and management. Research and policy development led by Prof. Berman focuses on how to improve health program performance through better health financing policies and practices in low and middle-income countries. The team developed and applied a “Resource Tracking and Management” (RTM) framework. The RTM framework provides an end-to-end health financing analysis by tracking resources, identifying bottlenecks, and applying policy solutions along 5 key steps of the flow of funds for health programs linked to key objectives. “Resources” include financing as well as physical inputs, such drugs and supplies and human resources.

Strategies for health system reform to improve outcomes.  Prof. Berman worked together with colleagues at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health to develop a widely recognized framework for health systems that has been taught to more than 20,000 course participants from middle and lower income countries in collaboration with the World Bank. He has applied this framework in studying health systems performance and designing reform strategies in Egypt, Poland, and India. See, for example,  Berman, P. and R. Bitran (2011) “Health Systems Analysis for Better Health Systems Strengthening” HNP Discussion Paper, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Analysis of the supply side of health care systems. Dr. Berman has led path-breaking work to improve understanding of health care delivery in developing countries. This has included studies of community health workers, the scale and scope of non-government health care delivery, and the organization of health care provision systems in developing countries.

See the Publications page for a complete list of Professor Berman’s own papers and publications.

Berman, P., Mann, C., and Ricculi, M.L. (2018), “Can Ethiopia Finance the Continued Development of Its Primary Health Care System If External Resources Decline?” Health Systems & Reform 4:3, 227-238

Ruducha, J., Mann, C., Singh, N.S., Gemebo, T.D., Tessema, N.S., Baschieri, A., Friberg, I., Zerfu, T.A., Yassin, M., Franca, G. and P. Berman(2017), “How Ethiopia achieved Millenium Development Goal 4 through multisectoral interventions: a Countdown to 2015 case study”Lancet Global Health Volume 5, No. 11

Kusuma, D., Thabrany, H., Hidayat, B., McConnell, M., Berman, P. and J. Cohen (2017), “New evidence on the impact of large-scale conditional cash transfers on child vaccination rates: The case of a clustered-randomized trial in Indonesia”, World Development.

Kusuma, D., McConnell, M., Berman, P. and J. Cohen (2017) “The impact of household and community cash transfers on children’s food consumption in Indonesia” Preventive Medicine Volume 100, Pages 152-158

Berman, P. (2016) “Health Systems Performance” Handbook of Global Health Economics and Public Policy, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore.

Berman, P., Requejo, J., Bhutta Z.A., Singh, N.S., Owen, H., and J.E. Lawn. (2016) “Countries’ progress for women’s and children’s health in the Millennium Development Goal era: the Countdown to 2015 experience” BMC Public Health 16(Suppl 2): 791. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3398-x

Mann, C., Ng, C., Akseer, N., Bhutta, Z.A., Borghi, J., Colbourn, T., Hernandez-Pena, P., Huicho, L., Malik, M.A., Martinez-Alvarez, M., Munthali, S., Salehi, A.S., Tadesse, M., Yassin, M., Berman, P., On behalf of the Countdown to 2015 Health Finance Working Group. (2016) “Countdown to 2015 country case studies: what can analysis of national health financing contribute to understanding MDG 4 and 5 progress?” BMC Public Health 16(Suppl 2): 792. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3403-4

Moucheraud, C., Owen, H., Singh, N.S., Ng, C.K., Requejo, J., Lawn, J.E., Berman, P. and the Countdown Case Study Collaboration Group. (2016) “Countdown to 2015 country case studies: what have we learned about processes and progress towards MDGs 4 and 5?” BMC Public Health 16(Suppl 2): 794. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3401-6

Tilahun, H., Fekadu, B., Abdisa, H., Canavan, M., Linnander, E., Bradley, E.H., and P. Berman. (2016) “Ethiopia’s Health Extension Workers Use of Work Time on Duty: Time and Motion Study” Health Policy and Planning 0(0). doi: 10.1093/heapol/czw129

Reich, M.R., Abdo, S.Y., Berman, P., Bitran, R., Bossert, T., Escobar, M., Hsiao, W.C., Johansen, A.S., Samaha, H., Shaw, P., and W. Yip. (2016) “Lessons from 20 Years of Capacity Building for Health Systems Thinking” Health Systems & Reform 2(2). doi: 10.1080/23288604.2016.1220775

Kusuma, D., Cohen, J., McConnell, M., and P. Berman. (2016) “Can Cash Transfers Improve Determinants of Maternal Mortality? Evidence from the Household and Community Programs in Indonesia” Social Science & Medicine 163: 10-20. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.06.020

Fetene, N., Linnander, E., Fekadu, B., Alemu, H., Omer, H., Canavan, M., Smith, J., Berman, P., and E. Bradley (2016). “The Ethiopian Health Extension Program and Variation in Health Systems Performance: What Matters?” PLoS ONE 11(5): e0156438. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0156438

Victora, C., Requejo, J., Barros, A., Berman, P., Bhutta, Z., Boerma, T., Chopra, M., de Francisco, A., Daelmans, B., Hazel, E., Lawn, J., Maliqi, B., Newby, H., and J. Bryce. (2015) “Countdown to 2015: A Decade of Tracking Progress for Maternal, Newborn, and Child Survival” The Lancet 387(10032): 2049-59.

Arregocess, L., Daly, F. Pitt, C., Hsu, J., Martinez-Alvarez, M. Greco, G. Mills, A., Berman, P. and J. Borghi. (2015) “Countdown to 2015: Changes in Official Development Assistance to Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health, and Assessment of Progress Between 2003 and 2012” Lancet Global Health, 3, pp 410-22, July.

Requejo, J., Bryce, J., Barros, A., Berman, P., Bhutta, Z., Chopra, M., Daelmans, B., de Francisco, A., Lawn, J., Maliqi, B., Mason, E., Newby, H., Presern, C., Starrs, A., and C. Victora. (2014) “Countdown to 2015 and beyond: fulfilling the health agenda for women and children” The Lancet 6736 (14) 60925-29.

Hsu, J., Berman, P. and A. Mills. (2013) “Reproductive Health Priorities: evidence from a resource tracking analysis of official development assistance in 2009 and 2010” The Lancet 381: 1772-82.

Ramani, S., Rao, K.D., Ryan, M., Vujicic, M., and P. Berman. (2013) “For more than love or money: attitudes of student and in-service health workers towards rural services in India” Human Resources for Health 11(58). doi:10.1186/1478-4491-11-58

Rao, K., Ryan, M., Shroff, Z., Vujicic, M., Ramani, S., and P. Berman. (2013) “Rural clinician scarcity and job preferences of doctors and nurses in India: a discrete choice experiment” PLoS ONE 8(12): e82984. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082984

Rao, K., Bhatnagar, A. and P. Berman. (2012) “So Many, Yet Few: Human Resources for Health in India” Human Resources for Health 10: 19.

Hsu, J., Pitt, C., Greco, G., Berman, P. and A. Mills. (2012) “Countdown to 2015: changes in official development assistance to maternal, newborn, and child health in 2009-10 and assessment of progress since 2003” The Lancet 380: 1157-1168.

Bradley, E. H., Fennell, M., Pallas, S. Berman, P., Shortell, S. and L. Curry. (2011) “Health Services Research and Global Health” Health Serv Res 46(6pt2): 2019-28. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01349.x.

Pallas S. W., Curry L., Bashyal C., Berman P., and E.H. Bradley. (2011) “Improving Health Service Delivery Organizational Performance in Health Systems: A Taxonomy of Strategies and Conceptual Framework for Strategy Selection” International Health 4: 20-29.

Bhutta, Z., Chopra, M., Axelson, H., Berman, P., Boerma, T., Bryce, J., Bustreo, F., Cavagnero, E., Cometto, G., Daelmans, B., de Francisco, A., Fogstad, H., Gupta, N., Laski, L., Lawn, J., Malqui, B., Mason, E., Pitt, C., Requejo, J., Starrs, A., Victora, C.G., and T. Wardlow. (2010) “Countdown to 2015 decade report (2000-10): taking stock of maternal, newborn, and child survival” The Lancet 375:2032-44.

Berman, P., Ahuja, R. and L. Bhandari. (2010) “The Impoverishing Effects of Health Care Payments in India: New Methodology and Findings” Economic and Political Weekly XLV(16): 65-71.

Özgen, H., _ahin, B., Belli, P., Tatar, M., and P. Berman. (2010) “Predictors of Informal Health Payments: The Example from Turkey” J Med Syst 34: 387-396.

Berman, P., Ahuja, R., and V. Kalavakonda. (2009) “Exploring the Feasibility of Financing Private Voluntary Health Insurance in India” in Preker A. Zweifel, P. and O. Schellekens (eds.) Global Marketplace for Private Health Insurance in Development: Strength in Numbers, World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Berman, P. and R. Ahuja. (2008) “Government Health Spending in India” Economic and Political Weekly, 43:26/27, June 28 – July 11, 2008.

Tatar, M., Özgen, H., _ahin, B., Belli, P., and P. Berman. (2008) “Informal Payments in the Health Sector: A Case Study from Turkey” Health Affairs 26(4): 1029-1039.

Liu, Y, Berman, P., Yip, W., Liang, H., Meng, Q., Qu, J. and Z. Li. (2005) “Health Care in China: The Role of Non-Government Providers” Health Policy 77(2): 212-220.

Chawla, M. Berman, P., Windak A., and M. Kulis. (2004) “Provision of ambulatory health services in Poland: a case study from Krakow” Social Science & Medicine 5(2): 227-235.

Hong Ha, N., Berman, P., and U. Larsen. (2002) “Household Utilization and Expenditure on Public and Private Health Services in Vietnam” Health Policy and Planning, 17(1): 61-70.

Yip, W. and P. Berman. (2001) “Targeted Health Insurance in a Low Income Country and Its Impact on Access and Equity in Access: Egypt’s School Health Insurance” Health Economics, 10: 207-220.

Berman, P. (2001) “Getting more from private health care in poor countries: a missed opportunity” International Journal for Quality in Health Care 2001 13(4): 279-280.

Hsiao W., Berman P., Bazeyo W., Kasasa S., and I. Atuhurra. (2001) “Is Social Health Insurance Feasible in Uganda?” Uganda Health Bulletin, 7(3): 22-27.

Nandakumar, A.K., Reich, M., Chawla, M., Berman, P. and W. Yip. (2000) “Health reform for children: the Egyptian experience with school health insurance” Health Policy 50 (2000): 155-170.

Berman, P. (2000) “Organization of Ambulatory Health Care Services: A Critical Determinant of Health System Performance” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 78(6): 791-802.

Berman, P. (1999) “What Can the U.S. Learn from National Health Accounting Efforts Elsewhere?” Health Care Financing Review 21(2): 47-63.

Berman, P. (1998) “Rethinking Health Care Systems: Private Health Care Provision in India” World Development 26(8): 1463-79.

Chawla, M., Berman, P. and D. Kawiorska. (1998) “Financing Health Services in Poland: New Evidence on Private Expenditures” Health Economics 7: 337-346.

Hanson, K. and P. Berman. (1998) “Private Health Care Provision: A Preliminary Analysis of Levels and Composition” Health Policy and Planning 13(3): 195-211.

Berman, P., J. Zeitlin, P. Roy and S. Khumtakar. (1997) “Does Maternal Employment Augment Spending for Children’s Health Care?” Health Transition Review 7(2): 187-204.

Berman, P. (1997) “National Health Accounts in Developing Countries: Appropriate Methods and Recent Applications” Health Economics 6(1): 11-30.

Berman, P. (1997) “Supply-side Approaches to Optimizing Private Health Sector Growth” in Newbrander, W. (ed.) Private Health Sector Growth in Asia: Issues and Implications, Wiley, New York.

Berman, P. (1996) “Health Sector Reform: A Worldwide Perspective” Current Issues in Public Health 2: 34-38.

Dave, P. and P. Berman. (1996) “Experiences in Paying for Health Care in India’s Voluntary Sector” International Journal of Health Planning and Management 11(1): 33-51.

Berman, P. (1996) “Health Care Expenditure in India” in Das Gupta, M., Chen, L.C., and T.N. Krishnan (eds), Health Poverty and Development in India, Oxford, New Delhi, pp. 331-358.

Berman, P. and L. Rose. (1996) “The Role of Private Providers in Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning Services in Developing Countries” Health Policy and Planning 11(2): 142-155.

Goel, P., Ross-Degnan, D., Berman, P., and S. Soumerai. (1996) “Retail pharmacies in developing countries: A behavior and intervention framework” Social Science & Medicine: 42(8): 1155-61.

Sauerborn, R., P. Berman, and Noutgara, A. (1996), “Age Bias But No Gender Bias in Health Care Utilization and Spending in Burkina Faso” Health Transition Review 6(2): 131-145.

Hammer, J. and P. Berman, (1995) “Ends and Means in Public Health Policy in Developing Countries,” in P. Berman (ed.) Health Sector Reform in Developing Countries: Making Health Development Sustainable, Health Policy, 32(1-3).

Berman, P. (1995) “Health Sector Reform: Making Health Development Sustainable,” in P. Berman (ed.) Health Sector Reform in Developing Countries: Making Health Development Sustainable, Health Policy, 32(1-3): 13-28.

Mahapatra, P. and P. Berman. (1995) “Resource Allocation for Public Hospitals in Andhra Pradesh, India” Health Policy and Planning 10(1): 29-39.

Mahapatra, P. and P. Berman. (1994) “Using Hospital Activity Indicators to Evaluate Performance in Andhra Pradesh, India” International Journal of Health Planning and Management 9: 199-211.

Berman, P., C. Kendall, and K. Bhattacharyya. (1994) “The Household Production of Health: Integrating Social Science Perspectives on Micro-level Health Determinants” Social Science and Medicine 38(2): 205-215.

Berman, P. and P. Dave. (1994) “Experiences in Paying for Health Care – India’s Voluntary Sector” Chapter in Pachauri, S. (ed.) Anubhav: India’s Successful Community Health Experiences, Sage Publications, New Delhi.

Berman, P. (1993) “Community-based Health Programs in Indonesia: The Challenge of Supporting a National Expansion” Chapter in Frankel, S. (ed.) Community Health Worker Programs, Oxford.

Berman P. and S. Sakai. (1993) “The Productivity of Manpower and Supplies in Public Health Services in Java, Indonesia” Chapter in Lee, K. and A. Mills (eds.), Health Economics Research in Developing Countries, Oxford.

Berman, P., J. Quinley, Yusuf, Y. Burhanuddin, A. Syarifuddin, M. Udin, A. Azof, and Iskandar. (1991) “Maternal Tetanus Immunization in Aceh Province, Sumatra: The Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative Strategies” Social Science and Medicine 33(2): 185-192.

Berman, P. (1989) “Cost-Efficiency in Primary Health Care: Studies of Health Facilities in Indonesia” Health Policy and Planning 4(4): 316-322.

Berman, P., Brotowasisto, M. Nadjib, S. Sakai, and A. Gani. (1989) “The Costs of Public Primary Health Care Services in Rural Indonesia” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 67(6): 685-694.

Berman, P., D.G. Sisler, and J.P. Habicht. (1989) “Equity in Public Sector Primary Health Care: The Role of Service Organization in Indonesia” Economic Development and Cultural Change 37(4): 777-803.

Berman, P., B. Ormond, and A. Gani. (1989) “Changes in Health Care Demand and Supply Accompanying Economic Development” in Sirageldin, I. and A. Sorkin (eds.) Research in Human Capital and Development 5:147-172.

Achadi, E. and P. Berman. (1988) “Growth Monitoring in Indonesia: An Assessment of Coverage and Regularity of Attendance” Food and Nutrition Bulletin 10(1): 56-60.

Berman, P., D. Gwatkin, and S. Burger. (1987) “Community-based Health Workers: Head Start or False Start Towards Health for All” Social Science and Medicine 25(5): 443-459.

Berman, P., A. Gani, and B. Ormond. (1987) “Treatment Use and Expenditure on Curative Care in Rural Indonesia” Health Policy and Planning 2(4): 289-300.

Berman, P. (1986) “Cost Analysis as a Management Tool for Primary Health Care” International Journal of Health Planning and Management 1(4): 275-288.

Gwatklin, D., P. Berman, and S. Burger. (1986) “Health Posts: Are they Contributing to Better Health?” PHN Technical Note 86-4.

Gwatkin, P. Berman, and S. Burger. (1986) “Mobile Health Units: How Promising are They?” PHN Technical Note 86-5.

Berman, P. (1984) “Village Health Workers in Java, Indonesia: Coverage and Equity” Social Science and Medicine 19: 411-422.

Berman, P. (1982) “Selective Primary Health Care: Is Efficient Sufficient?” Social Science and Medicine 16(10): 1054-1059.

Habicht, J.P. and P. Berman. (1980) “Planning Primary Health Care from a Body Count” Social Science and Medicine 14(2): 129

Roberts, M., Hsiao, W.C., Berman, P., and Reich, M. Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity, Oxford, 2003, reprinted 2007.

World Bank, World Health Organization, and U.S. Agency for International Development, A Guide to Producing National Health Accounts, 2003. (Project coordinator, co-author, and technical editor with Dan Waldo)

Visaria, L., Simons, J., and P. Berman (eds.) Maternal Education and Child Survival. Sage: India, 1997.

Berman, P. (ed.) Health Sector Reform in Developing Countries: Making Health Development Sustainable. Harvard Series on Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University Press, 1995, Boston. Appeared as special issue of Health Policy, 32(1-3), 1995.

Berman, P. and M.E. Khan, (eds.). Paying for India’s Health Care, Sage Publications, New Delhi. Volume of edited papers on health financing in India, including two chapters authored by self, 1993.

Abebe, A., Mitiku, W., Mann, C., and Berman, P., (2018) “Exempted Health Services in Ethiopia: Cost Estimates and its Financing Challenges.” Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Department of Global Health and Population.

Berman, P., Bhawalkar, M., and Jha, R., (2017), “Government financing of health care in India since 2005: What was achieved, what was not, and why?” Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Department of Global Health and Population.

Mann, C., Dessie, E., Adugna, M., and Berman, P., (2016) “Measuring Efficiency of Public Health Centers in Ethiopia.” Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Department of Global Health and Population.

Berman, P., Alebachew, A., Mann, C., Agarwal, A., Abdella, E., and FMOH (2016), “Costs of publicly funded primary care facilities, departments, and exempted services in Ethiopia”. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Department of Global Health and Population.

Bhawalkar, M., Jha, R., and P. Berman (2016), “Tracking financial resources for PHC in Uttar Pradesh, India”. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Department of Global Health and Population.

Bhawalkar, M., Jha, R., and P. Berman (2016), “Tracking financial resources for PHC in Bihar, India”. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Department of Global Health and Population.

Bhawalkar, M., Jha, R., and P. Berman (2016), “Ambitious target of increasing health financing falls short”. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Department of Global Health and Population.

Haakenstad, A., Bhawalkar, M., and P. Berman (2016), “International and Domestic HIV/AIDS Financing: The State of the Data in 20 PEPFAR Countries”. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Department of Global Health and Population.

Mann, C. and P. Berman (2016), “Measuring efficiency of primary health care in Ethiopia: Preliminary analysis for health centers”. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Department of Global Health and Population

Alebachew, A; Yusuf, Y; Mann, C; Berman, P. (2015), “Ethiopia’s Progress in Health Financing and the Contribution of the 1998 Health Care and Financing Strategy in Ethiopia.” Resource Tracking and Management Project. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; Breakthrough International Consultancy, PLC; and Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health: Boston, Massachusetts and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

FMOH, HEPCAPS II Project (2015). “Health Extension Workers Time Motion Study Complemented by In-depth Interviews within Primary Health Care Units in Ethiopia.” Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Yale Global Health Leadership Institute, JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc.: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Boston, Massachusetts, and New Haven, Connecticut.

MoH, HEPCAPS2 Project (2015). “Strengthening Public Private Partnerships for More and Better Health Outcomes in Ethiopia: Expert Reviews and Case Studies.” Ethiopian Ministry of Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc.: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Boston, Massachusetts.

Tilahun, H., Flannery, J. and P. Berman (2015). “Review of Local and Global Practices On Evidence-Informed Health Policy: Recommendations for Ethiopia“. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Boston, Massachusetts

Berman, P., Mann, C., and M.L. Ricculli (2015). “Financing Ethiopia’s Primary Care to 2035: A Model Projecting Resource Mobilization and Costs.” Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Boston, MA.

Berman, P., Pallas, S., Smith, A., Curry, L., and E. H. Bradley (2011) “Improving the Delivery of Health Services: A Guide to Choosing Strategies” HNP Discussion Paper, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Berman, P. and R. Bitran (2011) “Health Systems Analysis for Better Health System Strengthening” HNP Discussion Paper, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Bitran, R., Gomez, P., Escobar, L., and P. Berman (2011) “Review of the World Bank’s Experience with Country Level Health Systems Analysis” HNP Discussion Paper, The World Bank, Washington DC.

Bradley, E., Pallas, S., Bashyal, C., Berman, P. and L. Curry (2010), “Developing Strategies for Improving Health Care Delivery: Guide to Concepts, Determinants, Measurement, and Intervention Design” HNP Discussion Paper, The World Bank, Washington D.C., June 2010.

Berman, P., Brouhard, K., Moran, V., and E. Sandrine (2010) “What’s in a Name: Some Recent Evidence from Africa on Whether Nominal Facility Types Tell Us Much About Capacities and Outputs”, HNP Anchor, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Rao KD, Ramani S, Murthy S, Hazarika I, Khandpur N, Chokshi M, Khanna S, Vujicic M, Berman P, Ryan M. (2010) “Health worker attitudes toward rural service in India: results from qualitative research” New Delhi: The World Bank; 2010.

Rao, K. D. et al (2010) “Which Doctor for Primary Health Care: An Assessment of Primary Health Care Providers in Chhattisgarh, India”, Public Health Foundation of India and National Rural Health Mission, New Delhi, June.

Berman, P., Ahuja, R. Tandon, A., Sparkes, S., and P. Gottret (2009), “The Changing Government Health Financing Landscape in India” HNP Discussion Paper, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Berman, P., Raha., S., K.D. Rao (2008) “Tackling Health Human Resource Challenges in India: Initial Observations on Setting Priorities for Action” India Health Beat 1:1, Public Health Foundation of India and The World Bank, www.hrhindia.org.

Rao, K.D., Bhatnagar, A., and P. Berman (2008) “Using Multiple Sources of Information to Estimate India’s Health Workforce” India Health Beat 1:2, Public Health Foundation of India and The World Bank, www.hrhindia.org.

Rao, K.D., Bhatnagar, A., and P. Berman (2008) “India’s Health Workforce: Size, Composition, and Distribution” India Health Beat 1:3, Public Health Foundation of India and The World Bank, www.hrhindia.org.

Raha, S., Berman, P., and K.D. Rao (2008), “Challenges in Recruitment of Doctors by Government”. India Health Beat 1:4, Public Health Foundation of India and The World Bank, www.hrhindia.org.

Raha S., Berman, P., and A. Bhatnagar (2008) “Some Priority Challenges of the Nursing Sector in India” India Health Beat 1:5, Public Health Foundation of India and The World Bank, www.hrhindia.org.

Raha, S., P. Berman, and A. Bhatnagar (2008) “Career Preferences of Medical and Nursing Students in Uttar Pradesh” India Health Beat 1:6, Public Health Foundation of India and The World Bank, www.hrhindia.org.

Berman, P. (2006) “Government Financing of Health Care in India and Its States: Issues and Prospects” Presented at seminar at Council for Social Development, New Delhi, December 2005 for inclusion in volume, 2006.

Berman, P. “Challenges to Health Insurance in India” presented at conference on “New Frontiers in Indian Insurance” held in Mumbai January 31- February 1, 2005.

Berman, P. and R. Ahuja “The Health Insurance Scene in India: A Brief Guide” Presented at the International Conference on Voluntary Health Insurance in Developing Countries, Wharton School, Philadelphia, PA, March 15-16, 2005.

Berman, P. and H. de Vries “National and International Estimates of Health Expenditure: Will the Real NHA Please Stand Up?”, IHSP, 2003.

Mahal, A., Berman, P. and A.K. Nandakumer “Health Expenditures and the Elderly: A Survey of Issues in Forecasting, Methods Used, and Relevance for Developing Countries”, IHSP, 2003.

Berman, P. and M. Tatar “National Health Accounts for Turkey: 1999 and 2000”, Report to the Government of Turkey, IHSP, 2003

Berman, P., Toros, A. and I. Sahin “Turkey National Household Health Expenditure Survey: 2002-2003”, Report to the Government of Turkey, IHSP, 2003.

Tatar, M., Ozgen, H., Sahin, I., Belli, P. and P. Berman “Formal and Informal Payments for Health: A Case Study from Turkey” IHSP, 2003.

Berman, P. and D. Cuizon, “Multiple public-private jobholding of health care providers in developing countries: An exploration of theory and evidence”, November, 2003

Berman, P. et al “A Medium Term Plan and Expenditure Framework for Health in Andhra Pradesh” Phase 1 and Phase 2 reports to the Government of Andhra Pradesh and the U.K. Department for International Development, New Delhi, IHSP, 2002 and 2003.

Central and Eastern European Health Network “Formal and Informal Household Spending on Health: A Multicountry Study in Central and Eastern Europe”, Report to the Merck Foundation, IHSP, 2002.

Odumosu, O., Soyibo, A., Mahal, A., and P. Berman. “Plan of Action for a HIV/AIDS Accounts for Nigeria”, unpublished, February 2002.

Berman, P. and T. Bossert “A Decade of Health Sector Reform in Developing Countries: What Have We Learned?” Data for Decision Making Project, prepared for DDM Symposium Appraising a Decade of Health Sector Reform in Developing Countries, Washington, D.C., March 15, 2000.

Berman, P. and D. Cooper. National Health Accounts V. 1.0 and 2.0. Partnerships for Health Reform, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, 2000.

Fairbank, A., Berman, P. and others “Egyptpro: An NHA-Based Health Financing Projection Model” Partnerships for Health Reform Project, Abt Associates Inc., Bethesda, MD, 2000.

Rannan-Eliya, R., Berman P.,Eltigani, E.,de Silva I., Somanathan, A. and V. Sumathiratne (2000), “Expenditures for Reproductive Health Services in Egypt and Sri Lanka.” Health Policy Programme Occasional Paper 13, Institute of Policy Studies, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Berman, P and M. Chawla: “A Model for Analyzing Strategic Use of Government Financing to Improve Health Care Provision: Antenatal Care in Egypt” Partnerships for Health Reform Project, Abt Associates Inc., Bethesda, MD, 1999.

Berman, P. “Understanding the Supply Side: A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing Health Care Provision with an Application to Egypt” Data for Decision Making Project, No. 82, Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 1999.

Chawla, M., Berman, P., Windak A., and M. Kulis, “Provision of Ambulatory Health Services in Poland: A Case Study from Krakow” Data for Decision Making Project Publication No. 73, International Health Systems Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA, November, 1999.

Rannan-Eliya, R., P. Berman, and A. Somanathan. “Health Accounting: A Comparison of the SNA and NHA Approaches” Partnerships for Health Reform, Harvard School of Public Health, September 1999.

Berman, P. and M. Chawla “A Model for Analyzing Strategic Use of Government Financing to Improve Health Care Provision” Partnerships for Health Reform, Harvard School of Public Health, April 1999.

Kahssay, H.M., Taylor, M.E., and P. Berman “Community Health Workers: the way forward“, World Health Organization, Geneva, 1998.

Berman, P. et al “National Health Accounts in Latin America: Results of the First Regional NHA Network” Partnerships for Health Reform Project, Abt Associates Inc., Bethesda, MD, 1998

Berman, P. “National Health Insurance in Poland: A Coach Without Horses?” Data for Decision Making, Harvard School of Public Health, April 1998.

Berman, P. “Patterns of Private Health Care Development in Low and Middle Income Nations” unpublished, 1998.

Chawla, M. Nandakumar, A.K, Berman, P., Yip, W. Fleming, E. “An Analysis of Physician Labor Supply in Egypt” Data for Decision Making, Harvard School of Public Health, 1997.

Chawla, M., Berman, P., D. Dudarewicz, “Innovations in Provider Payment Systems in Transitional Economies: Evidence from Suwalki, Poland“, Data for Decision Making, Harvard School of Public Health, 1998

Berman, P. and R. Robertson. “Colombia: National Health Accounts”, Harvard School of Public Health, 1997.

Berman, P., Nandakumar, A.K., El-Adawy, M., Frere, J.J., El-Saharty, S. “Egypt: A Strategy for Primary Care Reform”, Partnerships for Health Reform Project, Abt Associates Inc., Bethesda, MD, 1997.

Berman P. “Improving Private Health Care from the Supply Side: Concepts and Recent Experience.” Paper presented at the Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines, March 2-9, 1996.

Berman P. “India’s Health Expenditure.” In: Krishnan TN, Das Gupta M, eds., Health and Development in India. New Delhi: Oxford, 1996.

Berman P. “The Role of the Private Sector in Health Financing and Provision.” Chapter 8 in: Janovsky K, ed. Health Policy and Systems Development. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1996.

Berman, P. et al. “India: Policy and Finance Strategies for Strengthening Primary Health Care Services.” Report No. 13042-IN. World Bank: Washington, D.C., 1995.

Berman, P. and J. Zeitlin. “The Impact of Women’s Work on Child and Maternal Health,” A Summary Report. Women’s Work and Child Development Network, 1995.

Chawla, M. and P. Berman. “Improving Hospital Performance Through Policies to Increase Hospital Autonomy: Methodological Guidelines,” Publication No. 32, Data for Decision Making, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University Press, 1995.

Chawla, M. and P. Berman. “Resource Mobilization: Methodological Guidelines,” Publication No. 31, Data for Decision Making, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, 1995.

Berman, P., Rannan-Eliya, R. “National Health Accounts of Egypt,” Publication No. 25, Data for Decision Making, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, 1995.

Berman, P., Reich, M., Walsh, J., Kumar, N. Pollock, N., Salah, H., Yip, W., Hafez, N., and A. Swelam. “Egypt: Strategies for Health Sector Change,” Publication No. 26, Data for Decision Making, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, 1995.

Berman, P., Nwuke, K., Rannan-Eliya, R., and Mwanza, Allast. “Zambia: Non-Governmental Health Care Provision,” Publication No. 19, Data for Decision Making, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, 1995.

Berman, P., Nwuke, K., Hanson, K., Kariuki, M., Mbugua, K., Ongayo, S., and Omurwa, R. “Kenya: Non-Governmental Health Care Provision”, Publication No. 20, Data for Decision Making, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, 1995.

Rannan-Eliya R., Berman P. “Framework for Selection of Priority Research and Analysis Topics in Private Health Sector Development in Africa.” Technical Paper No. 1. SD Publication Series Health and Human Resources Analysis for Africa Project, USAID, 1994.

Berman P, Sakai S. “The Productivity of Man¬power and Supplies in Public Health Services in Java, Indone¬sia.” Chapter 13, in: Lee K, Mills A, eds. Health Economics Research in Develop¬ing Countries. New York: Oxford Medical Publications, 1993.

Berman P. “Community-based Health Programs in Indone¬sia: the Challenge of Supporting a National Expan¬sion.” Chapter in: Frankel S, ed. Community Health Worker Programs, Oxford Press, 1993.

Berman P. ” Health Financing Research in India: Issues, Data, Policy and Program Measures.” Chapter 2, in: Berman P, Khan ME, eds. Paying for India’s Health Care. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1993.

Berman P, Khan ME. ” Introduction: Paying for India’s Health Care.” Chapter 1, in: Berman P, Khan ME, eds. Paying for India’s Health Care. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1993.

Berman, P. and R. Rannan-Eliya. “Factors Affecting the Development of Private Health Care Provision in Developing Countries. Phase I: Review of Concepts and Literature, and Preliminary Field Design,” Major Applied Research Paper No. 9, Health Financing and Sustainability Project, Abt Associates, Inc., Bethesda, MD, October 1993.

Rannan-Eliya, R. and P. Berman. “National Health Accounts in Developing Countries: Improving the Foundation,” Data for Decision Making Project Publication No. 2, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, 1993.

Berman, P. and K. Hanson. “Assessing the Private Sector: Using Non-Government Resources to Strengthen Public Health Goals. Methodological Guidelines,” Data for Decision Making Project Working Paper, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, 1993.

Hammer J, Berman P. “Ends and Means in Public Health Policy – Developing Countries.” Paper for the conference on Health Sector Reform in Developing Countries: Issues for the 1990’s, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, 1993.

Berman, P. and J. Zeitlin. “Child Health Producing Behaviors and the Quantity and Attributes of Mothers’ Work,” Paper presented at the IFPRI-World Bank seminar on Intrahousehold Resource Allocation, Washington, D.C., February 1992.

Berman P. “India’s Health Expenditure.” Paper pre¬sented at the NCAER-Harvard Seminar on Health and Development in India, New Delhi, January 1992.

Berman, P. “Health Economics, Health Financing, and the Health Needs of Poor Women and Children in India,” A Ford Foundation Program Paper, New Delhi, January 1991.

Berman, P. “Information Needs for Health Financing in the Voluntary Sector,” paper prepared for a national workshop on Health Financing in the Voluntary Sector, Voluntary Health Association of India, May 1990.

Berman, P., J. Quinley, A. Syarifuddin, Y. Burhanuddin, M. Udin, and H. Asmara. “Maternal Tetanus Immunization in Aceh Province, Sumatra: A Simulation Based on Field Experiences and Cost-Effectiveness”, 1989.

Berman, P., A. Gani, B. Karatu, J. Quinley, and P. Fajans. “By the People and for the People: Can Government Support Community-based Health Programs in Indonesia?”, 1989.

Berman, P., B. Ormond, and A. Gani. “Evidence of Price Discrimination in Curative Care in Rural Indonesia”, 1989.

Berman, P. “Towards an Household Analytical Framework for Studying Women’s Work and Child Survival.” Paper presented at workshop on Women’s Work and Child Survival Research Network, Delhi, January 1988.

Huntington, D., P. Berman, and C. Kendall “Child Survival Health Interview Surveys: A Review of Methods, Instruments, and Proposals for Their Improvement,” Johns Hopkins University, Institute for International Programs Occasional Paper #6, August 1988.

Berman, P. “Health Financing Research: Issues, Data, Policy and Program Measures,” paper prepared for a national workshop on Health Care Financing, Surajkund, India, April 1988.

Habicht JP, Berman P. “Strategies in Primary Health Care.” Editorial in the American Journal of Public Health 77:11, November 1987.

Berman P. Review of Biswas M, Ander¬son PP, eds. “Nutri¬tion and Development.” Journal of Public Health Policy, 1987.

Berman, P., C. Kendall, K. Bhattacharyya. “The Household Production of Health: Putting People at the Center of Health Improvement,” paper prepared for a workshop “Towards More Efficacy in Child Survival Strategies: Understanding the Public and Private Constraints,” Ford Foundation and Johns Hopkins University, May 1987.

Gwatkin, D., P. Berman, and S. Burger. “Health Posts: are they contributing to better health?” PHN Technical Paper 86-4, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 1986.

Gwatkin, D., P. Berman, and S. Burger. “Mobile Units: how promising are they?” PHN Technical Paper 86-5, World Bank, Washington, D.C. 1986.

Berman, P. “The Use of Rural Health Services in Asia” and “Determinants of the use of rural health services,” Papers published in proceeding of the Regional Seminar on “The Use of Rural Health Services,” Asian Development Bank, Manila, 1986.

Vanormelingan, K. and P. Berman. “Pricing Primary Health Care in Rural Zaire: A Model for Local Planners”, 1986.

Berman, P. Equity and Cost in the Organization of Primary Health Care in Java, Indonesia. Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University, Department of Agricultural Economics, A.E. Research 85-5, Ithaca, New York, 1984.

Berman P. Review of Hanson G, ed. Rural Development in Indonesia. in: Prisma, 1983.

Berman, P. Village Health Workers in Developing Countries: Evidence of Effectiveness and Efficiency, Master of Science thesis, Cornell University, 1979.

Colle, R.D., M. Esman, E. Taylor, and P. Berman. “Paraprofessionals in Rural Development,” Rural Development Committee, Center for International Studies, Cornell University, 1979.